The skeletal figure gently holds her head, a gesture that belies the finality of his impending bite. Maximiliaan overhandigt brief aan een man Created around … [3], "The Witches of Dürer and Hans Baldung Grien*", "THE "MALLEUS MALEFICARUM" AND BALDUNG'S "WITCHES' SABBATH, "Baldung and the Witches of Freiburg: The Evidence of Images", "A Companion to Renaissance and Baroque Art", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=The_Witches_(Hans_Baldung)&oldid=989931748, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. He trained in Strasbourg and completed his studies in Dürer’s workshop where he is documented around 1503. [1] Although the Sabbath was first mentioned in the Malleus maleficarum and would later become an essential component of many witch trials, in Strasbourg at this time the legitimacy of the Sabbath's existence was in dispute.[1]. Accessed November 15, 2020. The drawing is in private hands and is not in Koch, Zeichnungen. "[1] Baldung being a humanist, the witches' appearance could be a reference to classical mythology. This woodcut depicts witches preparing to travel to a Witches' Sabbath by using flying ointment. [3] His uncle, Hieronymus Baldung, was a doctor in medicine, he had a son, Pius Hieronymus, that can be seen as Hans' cousin, who taught law at Freiburg, and became by 1527 chancellor of the Tyrol. Hans Baldung Grien or Grün (c. 1484 – September 1545) was a German artist in painting and printmaking who was considered the most gifted student of Albrecht Dürer.Throughout his lifetime, Baldung developed a distinctive style, full of color, expression and imagination. Sep 30, 2013 - Urs Graf, Kopie nach Hans Baldung Grien - Hexensabbat [1514] Albertina scan [3] The Sabbath contains elements of bestiality and adultery. But earlier, around the same time that he produced an important chiaroscuro woodcut of Adam and Eve, the artist became interested in themes related to death, the supernatural, witchcraft, sorcery, and the relation between the sexes. ", This page was last edited on 21 November 2020, at 20:43. [3], On the upper-left of the image, to the left of the witch flying on a goat, there is a figure obscured by the vapors coming out of the unguent jar. "She-Devils, Harlots and Harridans in Northern Renaissance Prints." Hans Baldung was the son of Johann Baldung, an university-educated jurist, having since 1492 the office of legal adviser to the bishop of Strasbourg (Albert of Bavaria), and Margarethe Herlin, daughter of Arbogast Herlin, he was not propertyless, but with unknown occupation,[2] and his family living in this city, Hans made his apprenticeship there, with an artist remained unknown. Most of his hundreds of woodcuts were commissioned for books, as was usual at the time; his "single-leaf" woodcuts (i.e. In this image by Baldung, the witches are using an unguent contained in a jar that will be used for flight. “The Witches of Dürer and Hans Baldung Grien.” Renaissance Quarterly, vol. The following year he married Margarethe Herlin, a local merchant's daughter,[8] joined the guild "Zur Steltz",[3] opened a workshop, and began signing his works with the HGB monogram that he used for the rest of his career. On Dürer's death Baldung was sent a lock of his hair, which suggests a close friendship. The devil, in the form of an animal or a human, would copulate with all of the witches at the Sabbath. 11-jul-2016 - Explora el tablero "Hans Baldung Grien" de Abraham T. Nava, que 119 personas siguen en Pinterest. Baldung's art simultaneously represents ideals presented in ancient Greek and Roman poetry, such as the pre-16th century notion that witches could control the weather, which Baldung is believed to have alluded to in his 1523 oil painting "Weather Witches", which showcases two attractive and naked witches in front of a stormy sky. Schuyler, Jane (1987). This woodcut depicts witches preparing to travel to a Witches' Sabbath by using flying ointment. According to one view, Baldung's work did not represent widespread cultural beliefs at the time of creation but reflected largely individual choices. Scholars are in dispute on whether these witches are meant to be interpreted as humorous exaggeration of witch hunters' beliefs or a startling depiction meant to frighten Baldung's audience. [3], Witchcraft was believed to specifically come from carnal lust. They show little direct Italian influence. The Witches (Hans Baldung) From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Witches (formerly titled The Witches' Sabbath) is a chiaroscuro woodcut by German Renaissance artist Hans Baldung. [3] The devil, as a fallen angel, would still have the ability to fly. [2] There are two versions of The Witches, one printed with an orange tone-block and another with a gray-tone block. Throughout his lifetime, he developed a distinctive style, full of colour, expression and imagination. Ver más ideas sobre Renacimiento, Durero, Arte. [3] The husband could testify that he had spent the entire night in bed at his wife's side, but witches' flight made it possible for the supposed witch to leave while the husband shut his eyes, fly away to attend the sabbath, and then come back before the husband awoke. [2][3], Baldung and his mentor Albrecht Dürer created several images throughout their careers that dealt with this theme of witches. The German artist Hans Baldung began his painting studies with a master in Strasbourg at the age of sixteen. and powerful woodcuts. He first studied in Strasbourg or Swabia around 1499. Hans quickly picked up Dürer's influence and style, and they became friends: Baldung seems to have managed Dürer's workshop during the latter's second sojourn in Venice. Martin, Thomas. exp. G. von der Osten, Hans Baldung Grien, Gemälde und Dokumente, Berlin 1983, pp. Hans Baldung Grien (1484-1545) The Three Fates: Lachesis, Atropos and Clotho (Bartsch 44; Hollstein 236) woodcut, 1513, on laid paper, a rather dry, later impression, trimmed on or just inside the borderline, a pale stain at lower right, two horizontal printer's creases, generally in good condition; with The Last Judgement (Holl. His talents were varied, and he produced a g… His oeuvre, which includes many mythological scenes, betrays the influence of the Italian Renaissance. Witch's Sabbath Hexensabbat witchcraft witches witch witchery sorcery devil black mass coven broomstick goats folk horror. History Today 48, no. cat., Frankfurt am Main 2013, p. 204, reproduced in colour. Hans Baldung Grien", "The Witches of Dürer and Hans Baldung Grien", "Verzeichniss der Gemälde des Hans Baldung Gen. Grien Zusammengestellt", "Neues Jahrbuch - Heraldisch-Genealogische Gesellschaft "Adler, Prints & People: A Social History of Printed Pictures, Article: Sacred and Profane: Christian Imagery and Witchcraft in Prints by Hans Baldung Grien, by Stan Parchin, Hans Baldung in the "A World History of Art", Several of Baldung's witches and erotic prints, Art in the Protestant Reformation and Counter-Reformation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hans_Baldung&oldid=996601857, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from EB9, Articles incorporating a citation from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with KULTURNAV identifiers, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TePapa identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [10] On the other hand, through his family, Baldung stood as closer to the leading intellectuals of the day than any of his contemporaries, and could draw on a burgeoning literature on witchcraft, as well as on developing juridical and forensic strategies for witch-hunting. [16], He is well known as a portrait painter, his works include historical pictures and portraits; among the latter may be named those of Maximilian I. and Charles V.[14] His bust of Margrave Philip in the Munich Gallery tells us that he was connected with the reigning family of Baden as early as 1514. [5][6], At the age of 26, Baldung married Margaretha (née Herlin),[b] with whom he had one child: Margarethe Baldungin.[7]. Sale ends in. Beginning in 1503, during the "Wanderjahre" ("Hiking years") required of artists of the time, Baldung became an assistant to Albrecht Dürer. Hans Baldung Grien German, 1484/1485 - 1545 Baldung, Hans Biography; Works of Art; Artist Bibliography; Related Content Filter results by: Works on View. The witches here are preparing a flying potion that will allow them to travel to the Sabbath, a larger gathering of witches. According to the Malleus maleficarum, loose hair would draw the devil's fascination and distract men during worship. 3 (1985): 488-510. [13], Throughout his life, Baldung painted numerous portraits, known for their sharp characterizations. [3], It is important to note that the witches in Baldung's image are not actually at a Sabbath. [16], His works are notable for their individualistic departure from the Renaissance composure of his model, Dürer, for the wild and fantastic strength that some of them display, and for their remarkable themes. [3], Church inquisitors recognized the goat as a form the devil may take, so it's possible that the goat in this image may be the devil in animal form. hexensabbat . In a later trip to the Netherlands in 1521 Dürer's account book records that he took with him and sold prints by Baldung. [1] This print was made from two woodblocks, one key block for black lines and a color block. Hans Baldung Grien: Artist dates: 1484/5 - 1545: Date made: 1512: Medium and support: Oil on oak: Dimensions: 112.3 x 89.1 cm: Inscription summary: Signed; Dated: Acquisition credit: Bought, 1894: Inventory number: NG1427: Location: Room 2: Art route(s) C: Collection: Main Collection: The Trinity and Mystic Pietà . Hans Baldung-Grien 69 Baldung-Grien Otto Brunfels WITCHCRAFT 'The Bewitched Stable Hand' - woodcut by Hans Baldung Grien, circa 1534. [3], The witches in this image are designed to mock the Christian Mass and the Eurcharist. [3] Several of Baldung's other works that involve witches or witch-like figures do feature children. 581 II), Saint Martin on Horseback (Holl. Hans Baldung Grien. MSRP: $279.00 $28.75 (You save $250.25) Sale ends in Hours. Since 1509 till the end of his life he lived in Strasbourg, save for 1512-1516, when he painted the grandiose altar for the local cathedral in Freiburg. The most important evidence for deducing his date of birth (between 1484 and 1485) is a self-portrait drawing at age 49 which is preparatory to a 1534 woodcut. [4] Therefore, in order to attend a Sabbath, witches needed to be able to cross large distances in a short amount of time. [3] Therefore, flight was a power witches would be able to use due to their connection with the devil. It was invented earlier in 1508 and had already seen success in the prints of Lucas Cranach the Elder and Hans Burgkmair. He later included the name "Grien" in his monogram, and it has also been suggested that the name came from, or consciously echoed, "grienhals", a German word for witch—one of his signature themes. Hans Baldung Grien: Kämpfende Hengste inmitten einer Gruppe von Wildpferden, 1534 . [3], Maleficia were unexplained events that were attributed to witchcraft. It was probably executed for Hans Bock von Gerstheim (d. Oct. 12, 1542), who, to my knowledge, was the only Bock named “Johann” during this period. He worked mainly in woodcut, although he made six engravings, one very fine. At the age of 26, he married Margaretha Härlerin (née Herlin), with whom he had one child: Margarethe Baldungin. Baldung's most sustained effort is the altarpiece of Freiburg, where the Coronation of the Virgin, and the Twelve Apostles, the Annunciation, Visitation, Nativity and Flight into Egypt, and the Crucifixion, with portraits of donors, are executed with some of that fanciful power that Martin Schongauer bequeathed to the Swabian school. Though Baldung has been commonly called the Correggio of the north, his compositions are a curious medley of glaring and heterogeneous colours, in which pure black is contrasted with pale yellow, dirty grey, impure red and glowing green. [4] Witches' flight was also dismissed as fantasy by Alphonso de Spina in Fortalicium Fidei, Gianfrancesco Ponzinibio in Tractatus de Lamiis, Jean Bodin in De la demonomanie de les sorciers, and in the speeches of preacher Johann Geiler von Kaisersberg.[4]. In the field of painting, his Eve, the Serpent and Death (National Gallery of Canada) shows his strengths well. New York: Basic Books, 1975. 4, reproduced plates 4 and 5, and colour plate 1; J. Sander in Albrecht Dürer. These depictions were a large part of the artist's greater body of work containing several renowned pieces of the Virgin. [4] His earliest training as an artist began around 1500 in the Upper Rhineland by an artist from Strasbourg. By contrast, throughout the early sixteenth century, humanism became very popular, and within this movement, Latin literature was valorized, particularly poetry and satire, some of which included views on witches that could be combined with witch lore massively accumulated in works such as the Malleus Maleficarum. [3] The bones suggest cannibalism and infanticide, both referenced in Question XI of the first part of the Malleus maleficarum. The middle witch holds aloft the paten, a plate which would hold the sacramental bread. The hag-witch, leaning over the window ledge, appears to have cursed the stable-hand, who lies in a stupor on the floor. [3] The Malleus maleficarum states that witches are able to create storms and plagues with the help of Satan, citing the punishments inflicted on Job and the Pharaoh's magicians in the time of Moses who were able to recreate three of God's plagues. "The Martyrdom of St Sebastian and the Epiphany" (now Berlin, 1507), were painted for the market-church of Halle in Saxony.[16]. Nov 11, 2018 - Explore Rick Prol's board "Hans Baldung Grien", followed by 337 people on Pinterest. Söding Ulrich, "Hans Baldung Grien in Freiburg : Themenwahl und Stilentwicklung", in Hans Baldung Grien in Freiburg, cat. He became a celebrity of the town, and received many important commissions. Hans was born in the small free city of Schwäbisch Gmünd (formerly Gmünd in Germany), a free city of the Empire, part of the East Württemberg region in former Swabia, Germany, in the year 1484 or 1485, into a family of intellectuals, academics and professionals, where his father was from and died in Strasbourg in September 1545. Unfollow . "[3], The Malleus maleficarum also connects the lust of these witches to Eve, saying that Eve seduced Adam in the creation of original sin. There is a lack of feasting and dancing as a group, essential elements of a Sabbath. [3] If true, then this bishop would be the only male in this image, excluding the animals. Gert von der Osten comments on this aspect of "Baldung [treating] his witches humorously, an attitude that reflects the dominant viewpoint of the humanists in Strasbourg at this time who viewed witchcraft as 'lustig,' a matter that was more amusing than serious". [14] Here in painted an eleven-panel altarpiece for the Freiburg Cathedral, still intact today, depicting scenes from the life of the Virgin, including, The Annunciation, The Visitation, The Nativity, The Flight into Egypt, The Crucifixion, Four Saints and The Donators. Follow. '", Sullivan, Margaret A. "The Nude Figure in Renaissance Art." Hans Baldung, called Grien, was most probably born in Schwäbisch Gmünd in southwestern Germany, the site of the family home. eccentric paintings. exp. He joined in the fashion for chiaroscuro woodcuts, adding a tone block to a woodcut of 1510. Hoak, Dale. Most famously, he depicted witches, also a local interest: Strasbourg's humanists studied witchcraft and its bishop was charged with finding and prosecuting witches. Abstract This study seeks to demonstrate that the timing, subject, and audience for the art of Dürer and Hans Baldung Grien all argue against the view that the witches in their prints and drawings were a reaction to actual witch-hunts, trials, or malevolent treatises such as the Malleus maleficiarum. Sale ends in Minutes. Paulus met zwaard From same collection. Baldung was born and raised in Schwäbisch Gmünd (Swabian Gmuend), East Wuerttemberg. His style became much more deliberately individual—a tendency art historians used to term "mannerist." "The 'Malleus maleficarum' and Baldung's 'WITCHES' SABBATH.

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